The United States and Iran reached one the most significant deals since both nations broke diplomatic ties 34 years ago after the rise of Iran’s Islamic Revolution with the storming of the U.S. embassy in Tehran.
Since then, the countries have remained hostile to one another although both country’s presidents have opened up lines for communication. Earlier this year, President Obama became the first U.S. President in decades to speak to an Iranian Prime Minster in decades.
As part of the deal that was hashed out, Iran will agree to curb its nuclear activities and in exchange, the US will alleviate some of the harsh sanctions placed on Iran. The White House laid out the plans that were forged with 5 other countries with a fact sheet that was released on Saturday:
The P5+1 (United States, United Kingdom, Russia, China, France, Germany in coordination with the European Union) “will provide limited, temporary, targeted, and reversible relief to Iran. This relief is structured so that the overwhelming majority of the sanctions regime, including the key oil, banking, and financial sanctions architecture, remains in place. The P5+1 will continue to enforce these sanctions vigorously. If Iran fails to meet its commitments, we will revoke the limited relief and impose additional sanctions on Iran.”
In return, Iran has specifically agreed to halt enrichment and halt progress on its enrichment capacity and growth of its stockpiles.
Obama said that the agreement will put “substantial limitations” on a developing nuclear program that the U.S. fears could eventually turn in to nuclear weapons use.
He went on to say, “While today’s announcement is just a first step, it achieves a great deal. For the first time in nearly a decade, we have halted the progress of the Iranian nuclear program, and key parts of the program will be rolled back.”
Meanwhile, Secretary of State, John Kerry has worked overtime to pacify Israel’s vehement opposition to the deal. He said the that first step of the nuclear agreement will be to make Israel safer.
Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu has been one of the loudest critics of the agreement with Iran, saying the international community is giving too much to Iran. Netanyahu believes that Iran will continue to have the ability to produce a nuclear weapon and threaten Israel.
Earlier this morning Netanyahu tweeted, “This historic agreement, It’s a historic mistake. Lifting the pressure, this first step may be the last step.” He went on to compare the agreement to the one reached with North Korea in 2005 and claim that “Iran is only taking cosmetic steps that could easily be replaced, and in return, sanctions that took years to put in place will be eased.”
Written by Ben Walters